March 28, 2012

Christopher Columbus Day 6

1. Review: read "Shipwreck!" on page 20 and "Honored in Spain" on page 24 of Hands on History Christopher Columbus by Mary Tucker.

2. Read: pages 44-51 in Columbus by Ingri and Edgar Parin D'Aulaire.

3. Map Skills: Columbus made several trips and never landed at the same place. When traveling a far distance over water they weren't very accurate in landing on the same island with their old time navigation. Also the wind and storms that they would encounter were in the Atlantic were different for each trip and would cause them to be further South than they thought. Show on the map where they landed for each trip:
  • 1st trip Bahamas
  • 2nd trip Haiti
  • 3rd trip South America (Orinoco River)
  • 4th trip Jamaica
4. Comprehension Questions:
  • On Columbus's second voyage across the Atlantic he sailed to the wrong Island inhabited by wild Indian's, when they finally found Hispaniola (Haiti) what had happened to the fortress and Spaniards left behind? The Indians had destroyed the fortress and killed the Spaniards
  • Were the new sailors kind to the Indians? No, they made them their slaves.
  • On Columbus's third voyage across the Atlantic he tried to go around the islands to reach Asia, but ran into another continent. What Continent was it? South America
  • Did Columbus finally reach Asia on his fourth voyage across the Atlantic? No
  • Columbus's 3 very old ships finally wrecked in Jamaica and the sailors ran out of food. They were still over 100 miles away from Hispaniola (Haiti), who brought them food for a while? Friendly Indians
5. Discuss: read "Loading Up" on page 27 of Hands on History Christopher Columbus by Mary Tucker.  Talk with the child about what the would bring if they were traveling with Columbus.  Talk about things for now versus things that will last for a long time (hamburger vs. seeds).

New World Map


  • Brown paper grocery bag
  • Pencil
  • Scissors
  • Water color paints: blue, brown, green
  • White craft paint
  • Paintbrush
  • Black marker
  • Lighter (optional: for parents only!)


  1. Cut a rectangle from the side of the grocery bag that does not have seams.
  2. Use a pencil to draw simple land designs on the front of your bag (refer to a world map for a general idea).
  3. Paint the land on the right green (Spain, Africa, etc...) and the land on the left brown (the Americas).
  4. Paint the remaining areas (water) blue, leaving a small border around the land unpainted. Let paint dry. 

  5. When dry, use a black marker to add an outline to the land masses.
  6. Write the words “New World” on the land mass in the upper left and “Spain” on the upper right land mass.
  7. Use the marker to draw tiny curved lines around the water to represent waves.
  8. Draw a dotted line from “Spain” to the lower left land mass.
  9. Draw three small ships above the dotted line.
  10. Add another coat of green and brown watercolor paint to the land masses.
  11. Use a small paintbrush and white acrylic paint to paint the sails of the ships, and an upper and lower line around the dotted voyage line and thin white curves above the wave curves.
  12. When white paint is dry, outline the ship sails with a black marker.
  13. This step is optional and should ONLY be done by a grown up or parent: Use a lighter to lightly burn the edges of the brown paper map to give it an aged look.
New World Map
Plus or Minus?
Discuss: Talk about the new things that the Spanish sailors found.  Things they had probably never seen before.  Talk about what new things the students would like and what things they wouldn't like.  We used "Plus of Minus?" on page 28 of Hands on History Christopher Columbus by Mary Tucker.
Columbus Vocabulary
Use the Columbus Day Vocabulary page to put the words in alphabetical order.  Then use the dictionary to write a short definition next to each word.

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